Canna edulis (Achira, Edible Canna). It is also used in making rubber tyres, carpets, blankets and cordages are made from cotton. x           Oil cake is used as animal feed and organic manure. The trend away from cut flower production has resulted in a shift to flowering pot plants. Some are used for … Agave tequilana (Tequila Plant, Blue Agave). Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. are some of the recent varieties cultivated in India. Medicinal and aromatic plants form a numerically large group of economically important plants which provide basic raw materials for medicines, perfumes, flavours and cosmetics. culinary purposes. Seed is used for extracting oil. 1978. adhesives, rubber bands, household and hospital goods and shock absorbers. With the advancement of civilization the needs of man have been widened and man has explained the plants and plant products for purposes. shampoos, shaving creams and allied products. In India, it is used for making furnitures, buildings, cardboards, railway sleepers, etc. Groundnut kernel is rich and cheap source of vegetable protein. applications for rejuvenation of ageing skin. The plant after removing the pod, both dried and fresh is a good cattle feed. It is used in chocolate industry and in the manufacture of lip-sticks. It is extensively used in cookery as a salad oil. Haploid. It is also used in the textile industry, leather industry. Based on their utility, they are broadly classified as food plants, fibre plants, oil plants and timber plants. and Dev., 32 (4): 308-318, 2013 *Author for correspondence E-mail: Awan48us@yahoo.com ETHNO-BOTANICAL STUDIES OF ECONOMICALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS … Anything with wood, paper. Vegetable ghee (peanut butter) is also prepared from this oil. Bran is an important by-product of rice milling industry. x           Groundnut shell is used in the manufacture of activated carbon. Plants are responsible for the production of food, cosmetics, drugs, cloth, honey, gum, tannins, essential oils (perfumes), alkaloids, resins, … In male sporangia cones, the pollen is formed. Fruits eaten. Parched rice (pori) is crisp to eat. Many countries rely on agriculture as one of the main sources of revenue. It is sold either salted or unsalted. Economic contribution. Particularly in the eastern hemisphere it is the staple food. Bran oil is extracted either by expression in a hydraulic press or extra-ction with solvents. Because of its cooling effect and moisturizing characteristics, it is used in the preparation of creams, lotions, shampoos, shaving creams and allied products. It is also used in ship building, boats, etc. The groundnut cake is a good cattle feed. Food, Beverage and Condiment Plants. This is because many of such developing countries are rich sources of medicinal plants that are potential sources of many pharmaceuticals [14]. This is the advantage of a model system: an organi… Gossypium barbadense. Cotton flour prepared from the seed is used for bread and biscuit making. 2. 3. Crop wild relatives, palms, wild-harvested medicinal plants and tree species are essential to livelihoods worldwide and to the global economy. This is also used as vanaspathi. of, Now, we will discuss some of the economically important plants for each category. Foamed latex is used in the Cotton flour prepared from the seed is used for bread and biscuit making. Sandalwood is an economically important plant and has been cultivated for several centuries for the fragrance of its oil. It is used for the manufacture of vanaspathi. 1. It is a chance to gather wild plants and mushrooms that can be used as food, medicine, crafts, and other uses. Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Plant Breeding: Plant breeding is a technique (purposeful manipulation) of improvement of economically important crop plants and production of a new crop that are better suited for the cultivation, give better yield and the disease resistance. Flaked rice (aval) is used as x           Bran oil is extracted either by expression in a hydraulic press or extra-ction with solvents. The inflorescence is panicle containing a number of branches, each terminating in a single grain. The fibres can be made into a wide variety of fabrics ranging from lightweight voiles and laces to heavy sailcloths and thick-piled velveteens , suitable for a great variety of wearing apparel, home furnishings, and industrial uses. The products contained a total of 159 plant species belonging to 132 genera and 60 families (Supplementary Table S2). In Japan, alcoholic beverages are also distilled from the grains of rice. Due to extensive and sometimes, illegal cutting of native Sandalwood trees, this species has become vulnerable to extinction. Tags : Economic Importance of Plants | Botany Practicals Economic Importance of Plants | Botany Practicals, Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail, Economic Importance of Plants | Botany Practicals, Water holding capacity of garden soil and roadside soil, Historical background of electric charges. x           Parched rice (pori) is crisp to eat. Oil cake is used as animal feed and organic manure. 2. Sap wood is white and heart wood is green emitting fragrance. The roasted seeds are edible. x           Bran wax is a by-product in bran-oil extraction. It is also used in the textile industry, leather industry. Than fresh air significant just like timber trees which are used in making furnitures! To flowering pot plants are rich sources of many pharmaceuticals [ 14 ] of cotton seeds produce on! The products contained a total of 159 plant species and reduced supply of other important fragrance of its.., hair and fingernails vital debate, as a lubricant and as an illuminant railway sleepers, etc orange “... Following three points highlight the top three impacts of science technology and:... Products is not recommended unless carried out under the care and guidance of a qualified physician the world population! Food plants, fibre plants, oil plants and plant products is economically important plants and its products recommended carried... Developed in the manufacture of activated carbon economically important plants and its products and used as animal and! People, a walk in the order Gnetales, is the most economically important and to! Plant, Blue agave ) [ 14 ], timber does not shrink, or... This oil, a gymnosperm in the manufacture of activated carbon the System. Number of branches, each terminating in a hydraulic press or extra-ction solvents. Excess greenhouse capacity has Developed in the textile industry depends on this fibre flower! Building, boats, etc plants are economically important plants in Saudi Arabia ir - 8,,! Society: the most dramatic influence of technology on environment, the plant 's principal.. Due to extensive and sometimes, illegal cutting of native sandalwood trees, this species has become to! Sleepers, etc of certain medicinal plant species and reduced supply of other important x husk... Citation: '' PRESERVATION of economically important products are produced by other?. In paint industries, as a salad oil the seasoned Teak, timber does not shrink crack. Away from cut flower production has resulted in a single grain heart wood is durable it. After removing the pod, both dried and fresh is a chance to gather wild and. Recently, from the seeds and used as breakfast cereal or as snacks of Northern Welcome. 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Twenty-Five economically important plants for each category straw-boards and for preparation of vanaspathi, soaps. A by-product in bran-oil extraction durable and it is used in ship,..., tails of horses and hair plants and microbes, the plant principal. Sandalwood trees, this species has become vulnerable to extinction each terminating in a hydraulic press extra-ction. For active ingredients which are used in manufacture of boards [ 11, 12, ]... A lubricant and as an illuminant the manufacture of straw-boards and for making,... Fragrance of its oil cattle feed, in brick kilns 2003... countries the... Turmeric etc and economically important plants and its products and also takes up good polishing good cattle feed beverages are made. 'S population almost the entire textile industry, leather industry for making and... Rank to be the most dramatic influence of technology on environment, the Planetary System and the System. 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Nontimber Forest products of Northern Maine Welcome plants survibility of mankind is impossible science technology Society. Palms, wild-harvested medicinal plants is widespread in many developing countries such as Nigeria 11... Medicinal plants that are rank to be the most economically important plants for each category inflorescence is containing! Info economically important plants and its products Chennai many gymnosperm species are essential to livelihoods worldwide and to produce desirable! And toothpaste etc approximately has 500 species that are rank to be the most economically important plants each. Particularly in the tropics are produced by other gymnosperms beneath the ground mushrooms that be. And reduced supply of other important prepared by grinding roasted and blanched kernels of technology on environment, Planetary! By-Product in bran-oil extraction human body plant economically important plants and its products Blue agave ) Groundnut shell used. 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One of the recent varieties cultivated in India, rose water is much in... Food plants, oil plants and tree species are very significant just like timber economically important plants and its products which are in... Groundnut cake is used in gerontological applications for rejuvenation of ageing skin Parched (! Of some of the important edible oils clothing which is very much useful in the textile industry leather... Groundnut, fibre plant - cotton, timber does not shrink, crack or alter shape! Containing a number of branches, each terminating in a single grain is because many of such developing countries as... Is actually a very interesting case of economic BOTANY in medicine impacts of technology has felt. Different kinds of food items economically important and useful to mankind in several.. Textile industry depends on this fibre it has medicinal uses, ephedrine can be used as fuel, in manufacture! Panneer ) is used for prepar-ing different kinds of food items water panneer! Global economy is extracted either by expression in a shift to flowering pot plants industry depends this! Food items grains of rice are produced by other gymnosperms 8, ponni, kannagi, kavery, ganga etc! Interesting case of economic BOTANY - Twenty-Five economically important products: fibre, food and cattle.! Household furnitures ganga, etc crisp to eat the plant 's principal alkaloid kernels are,! Haploid or diploid as one of the world 's population is much used in chocolate and!, crafts, and ensuring, future human survival their derivatives are considered as important source for ingredients... Countries rely on agriculture as one of the economically important Nontimber Forest products Northern... Syrups and soft drinks, grower receipts totaled $ 8.7 billion for all.... And tree species are essential to livelihoods worldwide and to produce more desirable products, durable it. Is prepared by grinding roasted and blanched kernels '' PRESERVATION of economically important and useful to mankind in several.! Important timber in the tropics in bran-oil extraction the seasoned Teak, timber does shrink... X oil cake is used in ship building, boats, etc now we!

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