The Eagleston Holly is a beautiful evergreen holly that is grown as a large shrub or small tree with a pyramidal growth habit. An unusual name for a female Holly, so we assume Mr. Fenton must have been an exceptionally worthy man. Season: Year-round evergreen interest. Nellie Stevens Hollies are relatively hardy and strong. American Holly Tree Form is very adaptable. This tree is considered both an evergreen tree and an ornamental tree. It’s beneficial to plant these trees in multiples of four or more for cross-pollination to give you those pretty red berries. Full to partial sun. The relatively low temperatures combined with higher rainfall will make settling into the new location much less stressful for the holly bush. Produces inconspicuous greenish or cream flowers with a notably pleasant aroma. View Map. [14] Holly fruit ( drupes ) appear late in the season, and whether due to the need to ripen or being a food of last resort, often last until midwinter. The twigs of these trees are a symbol of Christmas cheer and having the entire tree will give you much more! A native holly that has large, dark olive green leaves. The Eagleston Holly is a beautiful evergreen holly that is grown as a large shrub or small tree with a pyramidal growth habit. American Holly. Displays dense, blue green foliage on purple stems. Most Holly … It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. Even though it grows quickly it does not need constant trimming. The American Holly (Ilex opaca) also called the White Holly or Christmas Holly, is the most familiar holly. Many gardens need a screening plant to provide privacy or block an ugly view and because it can be pruned to a hedge, it’s great. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Size: 40-50' Wetland Indicator Status: FACU+. The American holly tree has leathery leaves that are 2-4 inches long and stay green year round. These privacy screen or accent trees require a sunny location with some access to shade. Although it can tolerate partial shade, it will achieve denser growth if it receives at least 6 hours of full sun. How to Use American Holly Tree Form in the Landscape. Full to partial sun. Moderate grower to 15 to 20 feet and more tall, 8 to 12 feet wide. Dan Fenton American Holly is indeed a female and produces a nice set of red berries. 2 holly grows to a height of 15–25' and a spread of 8–12' at maturity. Cutting grown. The Eagleston Holly is a natural hybrid of the Dahoon Holly and American Holly. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. The species form of inkberry is favored by native plant enthusiasts, but most landscape planting features one of the cultivars. It will keep its foliage throughout the year and because of this, adds beauty throughout all seasons. The American holly grows to a height of 40–50' and a spread of 18–40' at maturity. Pyramidal grower brightens winter gardens with showy red berries. The tree falls into two categories, evergreen and ornamental. Promote wider growth that spreads out into a bushier formation by cutting back around a third of the tree’s central leader. It has a slow to medium growth rate. The Eagleston Holly can adapt to both sandy and clay soils with a moderate growth rate. The wood has been used for making canes, scroll work and furniture, and has even been substituted for ebony in inlay work when stained black. The American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. When choosing a location, keep in mind that the American Holly has a growth rate. The Ilex x attenuata ‘Eagleston’ is a natural hybrid of the Dahoon Holly and American Holly. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. Habit: Evergreen pyramidal shrub, 7 to 10 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide at the base. Cold hardy but not wind tolerant - protect from dessicating winter winds. Prefers partial shade and moist soil. Inkberry holly is a slow-growing broadleaf evergreen shrub with a rounded-to-upright growth habit. Hollies are also especially fast-growing, with Nellie Stevens Holly topping the list at 3 feet per year. Pine Straw, Topsoil, Fill Dirt, River Sand & Wood Chips Supply. A profusion of bright red berries fall through winter. Use Blue Prince Holly as a pollenizer for berry set. All rights reserved. Other varieties include a small (15-25 foot) tree with a vase-like shape and another with a weeping f orm. Areas of your landscape best suited for American holly trees are those with full sun and partial shade. Excellent berry retention, lasting all winter and into the spring. The foliage of the American holly provides cover for songbirds and mammals, and after frost settles in, the fruit becomes a choice food for grouse, quail, wild turkeys and other songbirds. (zones 5-9). Ilex opaca. Bees find the flowers attractive. Normal moisture is the best but it does have some tolerance to flooding and drought conditions. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in late spring. American holly under intensive culture is capable of 0.9 to 1.2 m (3 to 4 ft) of height growth per year (3). This means four hours minimum or direct, unfiltered sunlight every day. Leaves stay green year round. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The leaves have sharp tips at the margins with pretty red berry-like fruit. Introduced by Dr. Orton of Rutgers, ‘Dan Fenton’ makes a well-branched pyramidal holly, perhaps a little broader in outline than some opacas at a young age. It can be planted in zones 5 to 8. The red berries of this tree will brighten the dark days of winter and help you decorate for the holidays. The best time for planting holly bushes is in either the spring or fall. Their shapes vary from rounded to columnar to pyramid-s… Simply put, you can use this plant any way you want to. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types. And make sure that your American Holly doesn't sit in a low area of the yard that collects standing water. Fertilizers required for proper growth of Nellie Stevens Holly are All-Purpose Liquid Fertilizer and Apply N-P-K, whereas for American Holly fertilizers required are All-Purpose Liquid Fertilizer. Regular watering is also needed, or the leaves will dry out. Nellie Stevens Hollies are fast-growing, developing up to 3 feet of new growth a year. It grows up to 50 feet in height and 18 to 40 feet in spread. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some flood tolerance and drought resistance. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744. That being said, most hollies are very tolerant of less than ideal locations and will grow well in part shade or dry or swampy soil. Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. The American holly grows to a height of 40–50' and a spread of 18–40' at maturity. Popular selection with shiny, dark-green leaves edged with creamy-white margins. It has thick, smooth, dark green, spiny leaves that are a yellowish green underneath. This holly has a pyramidal form with glossy, medium-green, spiny foliage, and bright red berries in the fall. For a hedge or privacy screen, plant your American Hollies about five feet apart. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. The american holly can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. These trees do need shelter from the drying effects of wind in the northern part of its planting range. These trees will produce inconspicuous flowers that are greenish or cream in color that smell pleasant. Ilex is among the few plants that can grow in all USDA plant hardiness zones (or in all 50 U.S. states). American Holly Tree Growth Rate This tree can grow as high as 40-50 feet at be as wide as 18-40 feet when its completely mature. The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall. Plant 4 or more to cross pollinate to get red, berry-like fruit. Can be pruned as an attractive hedge, or reaches 40' - 50' as a tree. Fall to winter for fruit. The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May 1939. How To Start These Seeds: Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 12 hours The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. American Holly 'Satyr Hill' holly is a female holly that has a moderate growth rate with a compact, upright pyramidal habit. American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. American Hollies don't require pruning, but you can prune for shaping and even fuller growth. Although this holly has a medium growth rate overall, young plants grow quickly, making this an ideal plant for topiary. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a Avoid windy sites. If you choose to fertilize your American Holly Trees,feed them in the early spring, after the final frost of the season. American Holly Trees grow at a slow-medium growth rate, increasing in height 1 to 2 feet per year. Cutting grown. Bright red berries appear in late October. The best location for planting holly bushes is in well-drained but not dry, slightly acidic soil in full sun. Evergreen. Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. Order yours today! Origin: Bred by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University. According to the Arbor Day Foundation, the tree grows 25 inches or greater per year, making it an ideal cover for deer, birds and owls. American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Its slow growth and limby habit detract from its timber value. Slow to moderate growth rate. The tree has a dense canopy with small slender branches which are smooth and light to medium gray in color. Planting: Plant your American Holly tree in an area that receives full to partial sunlight (4 to 8 hours of sunlight per day). These fast-growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions. © 2016 Milam’s Tree Service. Once the first frost has settled, its fruit is eaten by quail, grouse, wild turkeys and songbirds but can be toxic for humans. It keeps its foliage year-round and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping. You are probably refering to American holly (Ilex opaca) and man that stuff gets BIG but I am not certain at what rate it grows. It does very well in soil that is loamy, acidic, rich, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. American Greenleaf Holly (Ilex opaca 'Greenleaf') -A 20 to 30 foot holly (that can reach 50 feet) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet. 'Jersey Princess' American holly is one of the top five evergreen tree-sized hollies for the Ohio River valley region. It also provides year-round cover and food for birds and mammals. Some are ideal for short hedges, while others make excellent, tall screens for privacy. The flowers are also attractive to bees. This tree can grow as high as 40-50 feet at be as wide as 18-40 feet when its completely mature. It is easy to grow and offers good winter color. It is a popular choice for areas with damp soil, such as woodland gardens and plantings around bogs and ponds. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Areas of your landscape best suited for American holly trees are those with full sun and partial shade. This fine tree (selected by Dr. Elwin Orton of the Rutgers holly breeding program) boasts lustrous clean dark green foliage, heavy annual crops of bright red fruit, and exceptional winter hardiness. Should be planted in multiples of 4 or more to allow for cross-pollination to produce the red berries. How fast do American Holly Trees grow? Ilex opaca - American Holly Ilex opaca - American Holly. This tree grows in a pyramid shape but can be pruned into an attractive hedge. It also tolerates shade well which is hard to find in screening trees. Contact Milam’s Tree Services for more information on the American holly tree or to take care of existing trees on your property. George Washington favored this tree and many that he planted are still around today. Growth and Yield- Because of its intolerance of fire, holly is found as scattered trees, even on good holly sites. Growth Rate and Mature Height Holly trees, a variety of tree in the genus Ilex, are found as evergreens while some are deciduous trees that range in growth rate from slow and moderate to rapid, depending upon the variety. Requires good drainage and acid soil. American Holly is a beautifully useful tree for the landscape and the growth habit has an elegant feel. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. Yields red, berry-like fruit popular with a variety of birds (but somewhat toxic for humans). You can have a 20 foot tall screen or hedge in as little as ten years if it grows under ideal conditions. The American Holly is easy to identify. The holly family (Ilex spp.) Norway spruces may grow as high as 100 feet tall. Trees are either male or female and require several to get fruit production. Due to extensive cultivation of the American Holly by nurseryman and gardeners alike, there are currently over 1000 different cultivars, with more being patented every year (Holly Society of America).The tree is ridiculously tough. It supplied the Native Americans with wood for many applications and berries they used to barter with or use as buttons. Other Products you may be interested in Although many species can reach upwards 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. Foster’s No. Planting an American holly tree will provide your landscape with beauty for years to come. Prefers moist well drained soil. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. The American holly grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. It has a slow to medium growth rate. Needs shelter from the drying effects of the wind in the northern part of its planting range. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of … The first time the American holly tree was observed scientifically was in 1744. It is a small tree or shrub with striking evergreen foliage that's perfect for a privacy hedge. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Inkberry shrubs work well massed or grouped for … Small white flowers in late spring, red fruit maturing in fall and lasting into winter. Male English holly pollenizer needed for berry set. contains hundreds of species varying in size, shape and leaf color. The American Holly is considered one of the most popular trees in the world. A popular landscape plant since the beginning of American history, this broad-leafed evergreen has served a variety of uses through the years. Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. 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